The Mediating Effect of Employee Engagement on the Relationship of Job Satisfaction and Affective Commitment

Author
Jean Paolo G. Lacap
Abstract
The study investigates the relationship of job satisfaction and affective commitment as mediated by employee engagement. The participants of the  study were regular full-time employees of a hotel in Angeles City, Philippines. The respondents were randomly selected, and quantitative research  design was employed. Using partial least squares-structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM), the results revealed that job satisfaction affects employee  engagement. This indicates that the higher the level of job satisfaction, the greater the engagement of employees. Same is true with job satisfaction and  affective commitment as well as employee engagement and affective commitment. Thus, as the level of job satisfaction increases, affective commitment  also rises and as employee engagement rises, affective commitment likewise increases. The indirect effect of employee engagement on the relationship  between job satisfaction and affective commitment was found to be statistically significant. This signifies that employee engagement significantly  mediates job satisfaction-affective commitment link with a medium extent of mediation effect. Implications of the study in the workplace and the  directions for future research were also provided.
Keywords
Job Satisfaction; Affective Commitment; Employee Engagement; Mediation model; Partial Least Squares; SEM